Friday, April 5, 2013

SharePoint 2010 Service Applications


SharePoint 2010 Service Applications

The following table lists service applications that are included with SharePoint 2010 Products.

Service applications
Description
SharePoint Foundation 2010
SharePoint Server 2010 Standard
SharePoint Server 2010 Enterprise
Access Services
Lets users view, edit, and interact with Access 2010 databases in a Web browser.
X
Business Data Connectivity service
Gives access to line-of-business data systems.
X
X
X
Excel Services Application
Lets users view and interact withExcel 2010 files in a Web browser.
X
Managed Metadata service
Manages taxonomy hierarchies, keywords and social tagging infrastructure, and publish content types across site collections.
X
X
PerformancePoint Service Application
Provides the capabilities of PerformancePoint.
X
Search service
Crawls content, produces index partitions, and serves search queries.
X
X
Secure Store Service
Provides single sign-on authentication to access multiple applications or services.
X
X
State service
Provides temporary storage of user session data for SharePoint Server components.
X
X
Usage and Health Data Collection service
Collects farm wide usage and health data, and provides the ability to view various usage and health reports.
X
X
X
User Profile service
Adds support for My Sites, profile pages, social tagging and other social computing features.
X
X
Visio Graphics Service
Lets users view and refresh published Visio 2010 diagrams in a Web browser.
X
Web Analytics service
Provides Web service interfaces.
X
X
Word Automation Services
Performs automated bulk document conversions.
X
X
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Subscription Settings Service
Provides multi-tenant functionality for service applications. Tracks subscription IDs and settings for services that are deployed in partitioned mode. Deployed through Windows PowerShell only.
X
X
X
Some services are provided by other Microsoft products, including the services listed in the following table.

Service application
Description
Office Web Apps services:
  • Word Viewing Service
  • PowerPoint Service
  • Excel Calculation Services
Office Web Apps is a Web-based productivity offering from Microsoft Office 2010 suites. Office Web Apps services include companions to Microsoft Word 2010, Microsoft Excel 2010, Microsoft PowerPoint 2010, and Microsoft OneNote 2010. These Web-based applications are stand-alone applications focused on offering access to Word 2010, PowerPoint 2010, Excel 2010, and OneNote 2010 documents through any browser across multiple platforms, lightweight creation and editing capabilities in standard formats, sharing and collaboration on those documents through the browser, and various Web-enabled scenarios. Documents created by using Office Web Apps are no different from documents that were created by using the corresponding desktop applications. The associated services are used to prepare documents for viewing and editing in a Web browser.
Microsoft Project Server 2010
Microsoft Project Server 2010 hosts one or more Microsoft Project Web Access instances, exposes scheduling functionality and other middle-tier calculations on Microsoft Project data, and exposes Web services for interacting with Microsoft Project 2010 data.
Service applications are different from the services that are started and stopped on specific servers and listed on the Services on Server page in the SharePoint Central Administration Web site. Some of the services listed on this page are associated with service applications, but service applications represent specific instances of services that can be configured and shared in specific ways.


Detail:
1. Access Services

Link to my article: Access Service

Overview


Access 2010 templates are accessible from Access Backstage and are ready-to-use and free database solutions complete with tables, queries, forms, and reports built for common scenarios. In addition to the templates shipped with Access 2010, there are numerous third party templates available at office.com.

Many times, you may find that it is much easier to customize a template to a customer’s unique needs rather than start from scratch. In this exercise, you will learn how to perform tasks related to template customization and save development time.

Consider the needs of a human resources manager who needs to track job applicants. A good place to start in a situation like this is to see if there are any templates available that you could use as a starting point. In Access 2010, the Contacts Web Database template serves as an excellent starting point for a job applicant tracking system. Since the purpose of this exercise is to get experience modifying web database objects, we will use the Contacts Web Database template as a starting point for this exercise.
2. Application Registry


Link to my article: Upgrade Sharepoint 2007 to Sharepoint 2010
Overview


The Application Registry Service is a shared service in SharePoint Server 2010 to store application definitions that are compatible with the Office SharePoint Server 2007 Business Data Catalog object model. If you did a version to version upgrade from Office SharePoint Server 2007 to SharePoint Server 2010 or you did a standalone installation of SharePoint Server 2010, the service is turned on by default. If you are not upgrading solutions from Office SharePoint Server 2007 to SharePoint Server 2010, you can turn the service off to improve performance. This article describes how to turn off and turn on the Application Registry Service by using Central Administration or Windows PowerShell.



3. Business Data Connectivity Service


Link to my article: Business Data Connectivity Service in SharePoint Designer
                           And Business Data Connectivity Service in Visual Studio 2010

Overview

Microsoft Business Connectivity Services (BCS), formerly named the Business Data Catalog, enables users to read and write data from external systems—through Web services, databases, and Microsoft .NET Framework assemblies—from within Microsoft SharePoint 2010 and Microsoft Office 2010 applications. Both SharePoint 2010 and Office 2010 applications have product features that can use external data directly, both online and offline. Developers can gain access to a rich set of features and rapidly build solutions by using familiar tools such as Microsoft Visual Studio 2010 and Microsoft SharePoint Designer 2010.
4. Secure Store Service

Link to my article: Secure Store Service

Overview

The Secure Store Service is an authorization service that runs on an application server. The Secure Store Service provides a database that is used to store credentials. These credentials usually consist of a user identity and password, but can also contain other fields that you define. For example, SharePoint Server 2010 can use the secure store database to store and retrieve credentials for access to external data sources. The Secure Store Service provides support for storing multiple sets of credentials for multiple back-end systems.
5. Excel Calculation Services


Link to my article: Excel Calculation Services

Overview

Excel Services in Microsoft SharePoint Server 2010 is a shared service that you can use to publish Microsoft Excel 2010 workbooks on SharePoint Server. The published workbooks can be managed and secured according to your organizational needs and shared among SharePoint Server 2010 users, who can render the workbooks in a browser. Excel Services was introduced in Microsoft Office SharePoint Server 2007 and is available only in the Enterprise edition of SharePoint Server 2010.
6. Miscrosoft SharePoint Foundation Subscriptions Settings Service



The Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Subscription Setting service is one element of a concept known as multi-tenancy in SharePoint 2010.  The service provides a means of creating and managing logical groups of site collections based on the need to share settings, features and service data.
Service provides a means of creating and managing logical groups of site collections based on the need to share settings, features and service data.
7. Miscrosoft SharePoint Foundation User Code Service


Link to my article: Miscrosoft SharePoint Foundation User Code Service 

Overview

This service runs code deployed as part of a sandboxed solution in a remote, rights-restricted process and measures the server resources used during execution against a site collection-scoped, daily quota.
8. PerformancePoint Service


Link to my article: PerformancePoint Service

Overview

PerformancePoint Services in Microsoft SharePoint Server 2010 is a performance management service that you can use to monitor and analyze your business. By providing flexible, easy-to-use tools for building dashboards, scorecards, and key performance indicators (KPIs), PerformancePoint Services can help individuals across an organization make informed business decisions that align with companywide objectives and strategy. Dashboards, scorecards, KPIs, and reports help drive accountability. Integrated analytics help workers quickly move from monitoring information to analyzing it, and where appropriate, sharing it throughout the organization. Before PerformancePoint Services became part of Microsoft SharePoint Server 2010, Microsoft Office PerformancePoint Server 2007 was a standalone server. Now the functionality of Microsoft Office PerformancePoint Server 2007 is available as an integrated part of the Office SharePoint Server Enterprise license. PerformancePoint Services retains much of the same features and functionality as its predecessor while including additional benefits, enhancements, and new functionality.
9. Miscrosoft SharePoint Foundation Help Search Service



If you activate it, the Help button next to the search input box will navigate your custom help content instead of MS online help
10. State Service


Link to my article: State Service

Overview

The State Service is a shared service that is used by some Microsoft SharePoint Server 2010 components to store temporary data across related HTTP requests in a SQL Server database. In SharePoint Server 2010, the State Service is required by InfoPath Forms Services (including out of the box and custom workflow forms), the SharePoint Server 2010 Chart Web Part, and certain Microsoft Visio 2010 scenarios that do not use Microsoft Silverlight 3.
11. Usage and Health Data Collection Service


Link to my article: Usage and Health Data Collection Service

Overview

Usage data collection contains a set of events which can be monitored and reported on at timed intervals.  These repots provide valuable insight into what is being used or not used in your farm.  With this information, you can forecast which services you may need to replicate or partition in the future, which services you may consider disabling to free up resources or even which services you want to better promote in your organization to maximize the value of your SharePoint investment.
12. Visio Graphics Service

Link to my article: Visio Graphics Service

Overview

The Visio Graphics Service is a SharePoint Server 2010 service application that enables dynamic viewing, refreshing, and sharing of data-driven Microsoft Visio 2010 diagrams through Visio Web Access Web part, Web part Connections, and Visio Services Mash-up API. This piece will provide high-level steps in consuming this service application.
13. PowerPoint Service


Link to my article: PowerPoint Service

Overview

Used to prepare Office PowerPoint presentations for viewing and editing in a Web browser. See also the SharePoint service, Office Web Apps Services. This SharePoint service has the related SharePoint Feature, Office Web Apps.
Link to my article: 
14. Word Automation Service


Link to my article: Word Automation Service

Overview

Word Automation Services is a new service application in SharePoint Server 2010. Word Automation Services provides unattended, server-side conversion of documents into formats that are supported by the Microsoft Word client application.
15. Word Viewing Service


Link to my article: Word Viewing Service

Overview

The Word Viewing service application settings page allows administrators to set supported file formats, embedded font support, document scanning, and process settings for users viewing Word documents in a Web browser by using the Word Viewing Web App.
16.User Profile and User Profile Synchronization Service



The User Profile service application stores information about users in a central location. Social computing features use this information to facilitate productive interactions which enable users to collaborate efficiently. In order to provision My Sites, enable social computing features such as social tagging and newsfeeds, and create and distribute profiles across multiple sites and farms, you must enable the User Profile service application. more detail http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ee662538(v=office.14).aspx. 
17. Document Conversions Launcher Service and Document Conversions Load balancer Service




Link to my article: Document Conversions Launcher Service and Document Conversions Load balancer Service

Overview




Document Conversion Load Balancer Service: This service balances the document conversion requests from across the server farm. When it receives a converter request from SharePoint Foundation, the document conversion load balancer service must return a URI to the appropriate document conversion launcher service. SharePoint Foundation connects to the specified launcher via .NET Remoting and requests that it convert the specified document.
Document Conversion Launcher Service: This service schedules and initiates the document conversions. When SharePoint Foundation passes a document conversion request to the document conversion launcher service, the service must call the appropriate document converter.


18. Managed Metadata Service




Link to my article: Managed Metadata Service

Overview



Managed metadata is a hierarchical collection of centrally managed terms that you can define, and then use as attributes for items in Microsoft SharePoint Server 2010.
This article introduces the core concepts about managed metadata, and then describes the way you use managed metadata. An example is used throughout this article to illustrate the concepts. The final section presents several benefits of incorporating managed metadata into your SharePoint Server 2010 solution.


19. Search Query and Site Settings Service - Sharepoint Server Search 


Link to my article: Search Query and Site Settings Service - Sharepoint Server Search

Overview




20. Microsoft Sharepoint Foundation Web Application

Link to my article: Microsoft Sharepoint Foundation Web Application

Overview




21. Central Admin

Link to my article: Central Admin

Overview


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